Duban lafiyar yara a cikin shekarar farko ta jariri

duba lafiyar yara

Sau nawa ya kamata a kai yaro ga likitan yara? Tambaya ce ga iyaye da yawa na farko waɗanda ke neman tsara lokacinsu game da lafiyar 'ya'yansu. Don gano amsar, babu wani abu mafi kyau fiye da bin kalandar na duban yara masu kyau.

Yana da daidaitaccen iko a kusa da yaras ta hanyar da likitan yara zai iya sa ido kan juyin halittar su lokaci-lokaci. A cikin waɗannan gwaje-gwaje na yau da kullun, likitoci suna tabbatar da girman girman yaron da lanƙwan ci gabansa da kuma wasu ƙayyadaddun ma'auni don ƙididdige lafiyar gabaɗayan yaron.

duban jarirai

A lokacin haihuwa, da zarar ya fita daga cikin mahaifa, jariri zai karbi nasa farko controls. Sa'an nan kuma ana gudanar da gwaje-gwaje na farko da aka daidaita don sanin ko duk ma'auni na jarirai suna cikin tsari kuma jaririn ya amsa kamar yadda ake sa ran a kowane bangare. Jarabawar Apgar ita ce jarrabawar farko ta yau da kullun da jariri ke karɓa: gwajin da aka yi tsakanin minti na farko da na biyar na rayuwa. A cikin wannan jarrabawa, an tabbatar da yadda aka haifi jariri da kuma yadda ya fara.

duba lafiyar yara

Amma wannan gwaji ne na yau da kullun don bincika halayen farko na jariri. Sannan ana yin kiraye-kirayen da kyau yara duba, wanda shi ne irin binciken da kowane iyaye ya kamata ya yi don tabbatar da lafiyar yaron da kuma gudanar da bincike akai-akai. Na farko ana yin shi ne kwanaki kadan bayan haihuwa kuma shine bitar jariri.

Ana yin ta ne tsakanin rana ta biyar zuwa goma ta rayuwa kuma ita ce kayyadewar farko da ake yi da zarar an sallami uwa da jariri bayan haihuwa. A lokacin fitar, an duba yaron amma bayan 'yan kwanaki wannan binciken na farko na yau da kullun ya zama dole. A lokacin, likitan yara zai duba nauyin jaririn da kuma idan yana cin abinci mai kyau, tun da yake yawanci jarirai suna raguwa a cikin kwanakin farko na rayuwa. A cikin wannan misalin, an buɗe tarihin lafiyar jaririn kuma likitan yara zai tattara kowane irin bayanan da suka dace. Tarihin iyali zai kasance wani ɓangare na tambayoyin yau da kullum. A cikin irin wannan kulawa, ana yin gwajin diddige, ƙaramin huda da jaririn ke samu don gano yiwuwar kamuwa da cututtuka na rayuwa da wuri.

Duban lafiyar yara a cikin shekara ta farko

Da zarar iko na jarirai ya wuce, da duba lafiyar yara a cikin shekara ta farko ya haɗa da duban wata-wata na farkon shekara ta rayuwa, sannan a duba akai-akai har zuwa shekara biyu. Yayin waɗannan sarrafawar, an haɗa wasu ƙa'idodin ƙa'idodi, jadawalin rigakafi da sauran wajibai waɗanda dole ne iyaye su cika mataki-mataki.

A cikin watan farko, da duban yara rijiya na biyu, gwajin jiki don duba yanayin lafiyar gaba ɗaya. Ya haɗa da gani, ji, launi na fata da mucous membranes, girman kai da wuyansa. Hakanan ana nazarin tsarin psychomotor, haɓakar al'aura, da nauyi da tsayi don yin rikodin kashi kuma ta haka ne a sami bin diddigin girmar jariri.

Dubawa na gaba yana faruwa lokacin da jariri ya cika wata biyu. Baya ga auna nauyi da tsayi, a cikin wannan jarrabawar yau da kullun likitan yara zai gwada tunanin yaron ta hanyar motsa su ta hanyoyi daban-daban. Bugu da ƙari, shine farkon jadawalin rigakafin. Likitan yara zai yi rubutun maganin rigakafi na farko don haka za a fara sanya hannu kan ɗan littafin rigakafin tare da kwanakin aikace-aikacen rigakafin da nau'in rigakafin. Jadawalin rigakafin ya ƙare yana ɗan shekara 14. Daga cikin sauran, za a yi amfani da tetanus, diphtheria da pertussis, rotavirus rigakafin.

Yana da mahimmanci a mutunta kalandar ziyarar zuwa likitan yara don sanin kowane canje-canje.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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