Menene spermogram kuma yaya ake yin shi?

seminogram

Ga ma'aurata da yawa, cimma ciki na iya gabatar da kalubale da tambayoyi iri-iri. A cikin wannan mahallin, spermogram ya zama kayan aiki na asali don kimantawa haihuwa namiji da magance matsalolin da za a iya fuskanta a cikin tsarin daukar ciki. A cikin wannan labarin, za mu bincika dalla-dalla menene spermogram da yadda ake yin shi, musayar mahimman bayanai don gamsar da sha'awar ku.

Menene spermogram?

Seminogram, spermiogram ko spermogram, binciken asibiti ne wanda ke nufin kimanta ingancin maniyyi na mutum. Ta hanyar wannan binciken, ana nazarin sigogi na macroscopic, kamar ƙarar seminal da pH, da ƙananan sigogi, irin su ilimin halittar jini, motsi da maida hankali.

Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya (WHO) ta kafa wasu dabi'un tunani wanda ke ƙayyade menene ƙimar al'ada don spermogram. Ta wannan hanyar, la'akari da waɗannan sigogi na al'ada da sakamakon da aka samu, ana samun sakamako daban-daban.

hadi

Wannan kimantawa yana da mahimmanci a cikin mahallin Taimaka haifuwa da kuma Tsarin iyali, tun da yake yana ba mu damar sanin ƙarfin haifuwa na namiji, gano yiwuwar matsalolin haihuwa da kuma kimanta yiwuwar samun ciki.

Yaya ake yin spermogram?

WHO ta kafa cewa don sakamakon da aka samu a cikin binciken maniyyi ya zama abin dogaro, dole ne a yi shi bayan wani lokacin abstinence jima'i, don haka tsarin ya fara 'yan kwanaki kafin gwajin kansa kuma ya zama dole a la'akari da wannan. A gaskiya ma, mun haɗa shi a matsayin kashi na farko na tsarin spermogram:

Shiri

Dole ne mai haƙuri guje wa jima'i tare da abokin tarayya, da kuma al'aura tsakanin 2 zuwa 4 days kafin. Idan kun fitar da maniyyi, sakamakon zai iya lalacewa.

Ɗaukar samfurin maniyyi

Dole ne namiji ya ba da samfurin maniyyi samu ta hanyar al'aura a cikin akwati bakararre. Dole ne samfurin ya zama cikakke. Yana da mahimmanci a tattara jimlar maniyyi, ciki har da kashi na farko, kuma dole ne a kai wannan ga asibitin ba fiye da rabin sa'a ba bayan samun shi.

Dole ne tsafta ya zama mafi girma a tarin samfurin, kafin wanke hannu da al'aura sun haɗa. Bugu da ƙari, yana da mahimmanci don kiyaye samfurin a cikin dakin da zafin jiki kuma ku guje wa matsanancin zafi har sai bayarwa, wanda shine dalilin da ya sa ya fi dacewa don samun samfurin a cikin asibiti.

Macroscopic da microscopic bincike

A cikin macroscopic analysis. halayen maniyyi kamar: girma ko adadin maniyyi da ake fitarwa yayin fitar maniyyi, pH, launi da dankowar sa. Sa'an nan kuma, a matakin ƙananan ƙananan, ana nazarin taro, motsi, ƙarfin jiki da ilimin halittar jini na maniyyi, da kuma kasancewar leukocytes.

Binciken microscopic


Sauran gwaje-gwaje

A wasu lokuta, ana yin ƙarin gwaje-gwaje don kimanta wasu sigogi kamar ƙidayar tantanin halitta. maniyyi mai motsi ko REM. Wannan gwajin ya ƙunshi raba maniyyi bisa la'akari da motsin su don samun juzu'in maniyyi mai motsi.

Fassarar sakamako

Kwararre na musamman yana fassara sakamakon kuma yana ba da a cikakken rahoto ga majiyyaci, yawanci tsakanin kwanaki 2-3 bayan isar da samfurin. Game da dabi'un al'ada na spermiogram, mafi mahimmanci sune:

  • Samfurin girma ≥ 1,5 ml
  • pH daga 7,2 zuwa 8,0
  • Maniyyi maida hankali ≥ 15 miliyan / ml
  • Jimlar maniyyi> miliyan 40
  • Motsi na ci gaba (A+B) ≥ 32%
  • Maniyyi mai rai > 58%
  • Maniyyi na al'ada ≥ 4%

Idan duk sakamakon da aka samu a cikin spermiogram ya kai ga ƙananan ƙididdiga (LRI) wanda WHO ta kafa don kowane sigogi, ana la'akari da cewa. samfurin maniyyi al'ada ne da kuma cewa majiyyaci ba shi da matsalolin haihuwa. Halin da aka sani da normozoospermia.

A gefe guda, idan an canza kowane sigogi kuma a waje da ƙimar tunani, za a gano samfurin maniyyi tare da hade Pathology: azospermia, oligospermia, asthenozoospermia, necrospermia, da dai sauransu.

Yana da mahimmanci a fahimci mahimmancin seminogram a gaban rashin yiwuwar samun ciki. Yanzu da ka san abin da spermogram yake da kuma yadda zai iya zama babban taimako wajen samun ciki da ake so, la'akari da shi idan matsaloli sun taso.


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