Fahimtar ƙwaƙwalwar ƙuruciya ta hanyar kimiyya


Sanin yadda kwakwalwar matasa ke aiki zata taimaka mana fahimtar sa da kyau. Godiya ga kimiyya, da kuma karancin jijiyoyi, zamu iya kyakkyawan nazarin sauye-sauyenta da alaƙar da ke faruwa a kwakwalwar matasa. Duk waɗannan bayanan zasu taimaka mana don fahimtar saurin canjin yanayinku, buƙatar haɗari ko don jin haɗin kai da karɓa a cikin ƙungiyar.

A lokacin samartaka, kwakwalwa tana canzawa sosai, baya aiki kamar na yara, ko kamar manya. Dole ne mu ga samartaka kamar lokaci na filastik ƙananan hanyoyi.

Yadda kwakwalwar matasa ke aiki

Bangaren kwakwalwar da ke daukar lokaci mafi girma zuwa girma shine Prefrontal Cortex, bangaren yanke shawara, kamun kai da kimanta kai. Wannan yana daga cikin dalilan da yasa matasa ba su da kwarewar motsin rai.

Sauran yankuna kwakwalwa suma suna canzawa sosai yayin samartaka. Game da shi Tempral Cortex, wanda ke cikin harshe, ƙwaƙwalwa da fahimtar yanayin zamantakewar jama'a, da Cortex na Parietal, masu alaƙa da tsara motsi, kewayawar sarari da sarrafa abubuwa da yawa.

Wani babban canjin kwakwalwa a samartaka yana faruwa a cikin lobes na gaba, wanda ke shafar ayyukan zartarwa, ba mu damar tsarawa da daidaita shawarwari da ayyuka, zama masu sauƙin tunani da kame kai.

Amfanin saurayi idan ya zo ga karatu

farin ciki matashi

Karatu daban daban sun tabbatar da cewa kwakwalwar matashi tana da fa'ida koyi mafi kyau ta hanyar sakamako. A cikin wannan matakin kwakwalwar ɗan adam tana da martani mai tsanani ga lada fiye da na baya, yayin da ya girma. Wannan hanyar yin aiki da kwakwalwa yana haifar da rashin ƙarfi, haɗuwa da haɗari da mafi girman ƙarfin haɓaka jaraba.

Dangane da binciken da Shohamy masanin kimiyyar lissafi yayi, daya daga cikin bambance-bambancen dake tsakanin kwakwalwar samartaka da kwakwalwar baligi shine cewa tsohon ya sanya ayyukan neman lada a cikin tsada. Shohamy ya gayyaci matasa 41 tsakanin shekara 13 zuwa 17, da kuma manya 31 tsakanin 20 da 30, don yin wasan bidiyo wanda ya kunshi yanke shawara kan wane fure da malam burodi zai zaba. Ta hanyar hotunan kwakwalwar matasa wadanda suka halarci gwajin, hippocampus, muhimmin yanki na ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya, ya zama mai aiki sosai. Wannan yankin yayi aiki tare tare da yankin sakamako wanda ake kira striatum, kuma ba'a canza shi a cikin manya ba.

Wannan yana haifar da ƙarshe cewa, a cikin samartaka, duka yankuna suna aiki tare, sannan kuma baya faruwa. Wannan yana bayanin dalilin da yasa ake kawar da karatun da bashi da mahimmanci ko motsawa daga ƙwaƙwalwa.Jama'a da mahallin da matashi ke aiki zai iya taimaka musu su gyara matsayin IQ ɗinsu, tunda suna da aiki ƙwarai a cikin synapses na neuronal.

Balaga, kwakwalwa mai rauni


Neuroscience yana taimaka mana fahimtar hanyoyin da ke tsara sarrafa halayen jijiyoyi da halayya a cikin kwakwalwa. Wannan ilimin kimiyya yayi mana kashedi game da rashin lafiyar samari idan basu da bacci. Gabaɗaya, ya kamata matasa suyi bacci na awanni 8 zuwa 9 a rana. Idan matashi ya yi barci da misalin ƙarfe 23:00 na dare kuma sai mu tashe shi da ƙarfe 6 ko 7 na safe, daidai yake da tambayar babba ya fara ranar sa da ƙarfe 3 na safe.

Wani mawuyacin halin kwakwalwa ta yara shine suna fuskanta ƙwarewa ga motsin zuciyarku. Ci gaban haɗin jijiyoyi yana faruwa a yankin ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa, wanda anan ne motsin zuciyar yake. Wannan shine dalilin da yasa suke daukaka komai. Danniya yana afka musu da ƙarfi fiye da balagagge, saboda haka halayensu sun fi ƙarfi.

La babban halayyar kwakwalwa yayin samartaka shine tsari da balaga. Javier Quintero, likitan tabin hankali kuma marubucin littafin Adowararriyar Adowararriyar Matasa, ya tabbatar da cewa yana da mahimmanci a fahimta da kuma tausayawa game da babban canjin yanayin rayuwar matasa, don magance waɗannan canje-canje a matsayin yiwuwar haɓaka cikin dangantakar tsakanin iyaye da yara.


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