Ka'idar jima'i a cikin yara bisa ga S. Freud

Ka'idar S. Freud game da jima'i

Sigmund Freud shi ne mahaifin manyan ra'ayoyin tunani. Wannan masanin halayyar dan adam shine wanda yake da ra'ayin cewa ci gaban mutum ya kasance kamar nasa ci gaban jima'i. Koyaya, a gare shi, batun jima'i ba wai kawai batun jima'i ba ne, amma wani abu ne da ya fi kowanne girma wanda ya ƙunshi ci gaban tasirin ɗan adam.

Koyaya, abin da ya haifar da rikici tsakaninsa da abokan aikinsa, shi ne cewa ya danganta rayuwar jima'i ga yara daga kwanakin farko na rayuwarsu. Don haka ya halicci abin da ya kira ka'idar jima'i.

A cewar Freud, an rarrabe bangarori uku masu ban sha'awa a cikin ci gaban jima'i na mutum, waɗannan su ne waɗancan sassan jiki waɗanda ke iya haɓaka nishaɗi kuma hakan zai faru ne a cikin haɓakar jijiyoyin yaro ko yarinya. Wadannan matakai sune:

Yanayin baka

Ka'idar S. Freud game da jima'i

An rufe daga haihuwa zuwa shekaru 2. Ma'anar An bayyana jin daɗi a baki da leɓɓa. Duk ayyukan jariri, a cikin shekarar farko ta rayuwarsa, ya ta'allaka ne kan biyan buƙatunsa na baka (shayarwa, ci, sha).

Ta bakinsa ne jariri zai fara kafawa tushe na farko mai tasiri tare da mahaifiyarsa kuma har ila yau, ya zama cibiyar bincike da sanin duniyar waje.

Lokacin tsuliya

Ka'idar S. Freud game da jima'i

Tana tsakanin shekaru 2 zuwa 3. Jima'i na yaron ya faɗaɗa cikin dukkanin tsarin narkewar abinci kuma sha'awarsa ta ta'allaka ne akan dubura, bayan gida da koyon bayan gida.

Yana da mahimmanci a koya wa yaron wasu gyara halaye na tsafta, guje wa faɗawa cikin tsari mai tsananin ƙarfi ko izini mai yawa.

Yanayin mahaifa

Ka'idar S. Freud game da jima'i

Yana tsakanin shekara 3 zuwa 5. A wannan zamanin ne lokacin da sha'awa (jima'i) ke a abin da. Sha'awar da yaron da yarinyar suke ji game da jikinsu zai sa su fara bincika shi kuma su gano al'aurarsu. Hakanan za a ja hankalin su zuwa bambancin da ke tsakanin jima'i da na wasu.

Freud yayi jayayya cewa duk yara a wannan shekarun suna jin sha'awar mahaifiyarsu, yayin da suke ganin uba a matsayin kishiya. Yaron yana ƙoƙari ya kasance tare da mahaifinsa don cimma ƙaunar mahaifiyarsa, wannan Freud da ake kira Oedipus Complex. Irin wannan abu yana faruwa da yan mata, wanda ya kira Electra hadaddun.

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