Mene ne maimaita cutar sankarau?

maimaita cutar sankarau

Mun riga mun san mahimmancin sankarau da samun sa, tunda haka ne kamuwa da cuta mai haɗari da barazanar rai. Cuta ce wacce gabaɗaya ke faruwa ga yara kuma idan anyi saurin ganewa kuma ingantaccen magani yaro na iya samun kyakkyawar damar ci gaba ba tare da wata matsala ba.

Daga nau'ikan cutar sankarau biyu da suke wanzu, za mu iya tantance hakan cututtukan sankarau na kwayan cuta wanda kwayoyin cuta ke haifarwa sune mafi tsanani kuma wannan yana faruwa ne a mafi yawancin yara yan ƙasa da shekaru biyu. Kwayar cutar sankarau da kwayar cuta ke haifarwa ita ce wacce ba ta da tsanani, sai dai a jariran da ba su kai wata uku ba. A wannan yanayin, kwayar cutar ta sauƙaƙe ce (ta baka) wacce ke haifar da mummunan kamuwa da cuta.

Godiya ga ci gaban an aiwatar da allurar rigakafi wanda yayi matukar rage yawan kamuwa da cutar sankarau. Har yanzu ba a san takamaiman abin da ke kamuwa da yara ba, duk da cewa an san cewa wasu sun fi wasu yaduwar cutar. Wannan shine dalilin da yasa zamuyi magana akan cutar sankarau mai saurin faruwa kuma me yasa yake haddasa ta.

A waɗanne lokuta ne cutar sankarau ke faruwa?

Wannan cuta galibi tana bayyana daga tsari na yau da kullun a cikin yara tare da maimaita sinusitis, Har ila yau, a cikin waɗanda ke fama da raunin kai na kwanan nan ko waɗanda suka sha wahala daga raunin kwanyar.

A cikin jariran da ke ƙasa da watanni biyu suna wahala na ci gaban wannan kwayar yafi sauƙi a cikin gudan jinin ku, saboda samun har yanzu mai rauni da rashin bunkasa garkuwar jiki. Yaran da suma kwanan nan aka yiwa tiyata a kwakwalwa suma suna da saukin kai.

maimaita cutar sankarau

Mene ne maimaita cutar sankarau?

Maimaita cutar sankarau ita ce ke faruwa fiye da sau ɗaya. Yana da kumburi na yadudduka nama wanda ke rufewa kwakwalwa da laka, inda meninges din yake, da kuma sararin dake dauke da ruwa tsakanin maning din (subarachnoid space).

Duk da ci gaban da aka samu, da ci gaban alluran rigakafi da magungunan rigakafi masu kyau, har yanzu tsakanin 1% da 4,8% na lokuta na cutar sankarau yawanci reoccur wani yanayin saboda yawan rikitarwa da kuma bayanan jijiyoyin jiki.

Akwai lokutan cutar sankarau inda aka yiwa bakararren ruwa ta hanyar tsabtace kwayoyin cuta. Amma bayan sati 3 lamarin sankarau ya sake faruwa tare da wani sabon al'amari ba tare da sanin ko ya faru ne saboda tsarin microorganism iri daya ko kuma wani daban.

Yaushe ya sake faruwa game da kwayoyin cuta ko ƙwayoyin cuta?

maimaita cutar sankarau

An ɗauki hoto daga AboutKidsHealth

Game da batun ci gaba na kwayar cutar sankarau Maimaitaccen lokaci yana faruwa ne saboda nau'in kwayar cutar ta herpes simplex type 2 (HSV-2), ana kiranta Ciwon sankarau na Mallaret. A wannan yanayin, mara lafiyar yana shan wahala sau uku ko sama da haka inda zazzaɓi, taurin wuya, ciwon kai, bacci da jinkirin amsawa, duka a cikin magana da hangen nesa da ji. Wadannan al'amuran galibi ana magance su tare da acyclovir tare da ƙwayar ƙwayar ƙwayar cuta kuma yawanci yakan amsa da babbar nasara.

A cikin yanayin sankarau na kwayan cuta, al'amuran da ke faruwa akai-akai sukan bayyana don lahani na haihuwa ko rauni, inda kwayoyin cuta suke ratsa wadannan raunin kuma suke haifar dasu. Zai iya ɗaukar watanni zuwa shekaru don nuna alamun bayyanar.

Yawancin lokaci yana nuna kansa ko dai ta hanyar rikicewar gado inda yake shafar tsarin garkuwar jiki inda ƙwayoyin cutar da ke haifar da cutar za su kasance ciwon huhu na Streptococcus ko Neisseria meningitidis. Alluran rigakafin da aka gudanar na iya jimre wa tare da taimakawa hana waɗannan cututtukan daga faruwa.

Duk abin da yake, da kimantawa da cutar sankarau ya kamata ku yi su da babban gyara. Akwai lokuta inda ba'a kamu da cuta ba amma ta hanyar amfani da marasa amfani da cututtukan steroidal ko wasu kwayoyi. A wannan halin, dole ne ku daina sarrafa shi kuma.

Idan kana son karin bayani game da cutar sankarau zaka iya bincika menene alamomin cutar sankarau ga yara. Idan abin da kake so kuma shine yadda zaka bambance tsakanin cutar kwakwalwa ko sankarau zaka iya karantawa wannan labarin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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