Shin kun san rawar oxytocin da sauran kwayoyin halittar ciki, haihuwa da shayarwa?

soyayya a lokacin haihuwa

A cikin ciki canje-canje na zahiri da mace ke fuskanta ana bayyane. Kuma kodayake jiki yana canzawa da yawa don samarda mahaifa wacce take dauke da rayuwar jaririnku, haka ma kwayoyin halittar jikin ku. Ba wai kawai a lokacin juna biyu ne homon ya bambanta ba; wasu suna kara maida hankali, wasu na rage shi. Wasu ma sun bayyana ba tare da sun taba rufawa jiki ba! Kuma shima lokacin shayarwa ne, mata suna fuskantar canje-canje na hormonal marasa iyaka hakan zai taimaka maka wajen ciyar da karamin yaronka.

Haihuwar haihuwa an bayyana ta da fashewar sinadarai na soyayya da farin ciki. An nuna cewa, sai dai idan akwai matsala, mace ta kai kololuwar gangaji a lokacin haihuwar jaririnta. Amma idan baku san menene oxytocin ba kuma kuna da sha'awar ƙarin sani game da hormones na nakuda da lactation, zauna a nan:

Kodayake dukkanin hormones sun kasu kashi daban-daban a matakan ciki, hakan ba yana nufin cewa basu cikin sauran ba. A wasu lokuta, wasu sun fi yawa ko mahimmanci fiye da sauran:

Hormones a ciki

Chorionic ɗan adam gonadotropin

Bari mu fara a farkon. Wannan hormone shine farkon wanda zai ba da labarin yadda kuke ciki. Yana da hormone wanda aka gano a cikin gwajin ciki na kantin magani. Ana kiyaye shi don mafi yawancin farkon watanni uku don daidaita ciki. Aikinta shine kare jariri, don haka tsara sauran kwayoyin halittar mace. Yana haifar da tashin zuciya irin na farkon watannin ciki, wata hanyar kariya da jiki ke da ƙamshi ko dandano mai haɗari.

Da zarar mahaifa ta fara yin halittar kanta, gonadotropin chorionic na mutum zai cika aikinsa kuma tattarawar ku zai ragu harma ya zama ba a iya gano shi a fitsari.

oxytocin yayin daukar ciki

Progesterone

Hormone ne wanda ke kula da taimakawa amfrayo don daidaita kansa a bangon mahaifa. A lokuta da dama akan rubuta shi idan akwai juna biyu tare da hadarin zubar ciki, tunda yana taimakawa endometrium samun chubby zuwa tayi amfrayo daidai. Yana da ayyuka da yawa, kuma wani mahimmin shine yana sanya tsarin kariyar mace gano tayin kamar nasa ne. Idan ba ta yi aiki ba ta wannan hanyar, kariyar za ta ƙi da tayi sau da yawa, don haka ƙarancin nutsuwarsa na ɗaya daga cikin abubuwan da ke haifar da zubar da ciki. Sauran ayyukanta na "tabbatacce" sune: shakata da jijiyoyin mahaifa don kaucewa raguwa, ƙarfafa toshewar mucous da taimakawa mahaifa aiki yadda yakamata.

Pero Hakanan yana da alhakin wasu ƙananan matsalolin matsalolin ciki kamar: maƙarƙashiya, jijiyoyin jini, basir, ciwon kai, zafi mai walƙiya ... Abu mai kyau shi ne a ƙarshen ciki daukar hankalinsa ya ragu, yin waɗannan alamun suna inganta sosai. Kasancewa daya daga cikin kwayoyin halittar kuma yana da alhakin lalatawar mata, al'ada ce cewa a ƙarshen watanni ukun da suka gabata ka lura da bushewar farji kuma baka jin daɗin yin jima'i.

hormones a ciki

Estrogens

Haɗuwarsa koyaushe zai dogara ne akan ƙaddarar progesterone. Yana da alhakin tsara ƙwayar cuta da kuma taimakawa ci gaban mahaifa. Yana da matukar mahimmanci ga balagar gabobin jariri. Har ila yau mahimmanci ga bambancin gabobinku na jima'i. Increasearawar sa na iya haifar da rashin jin daɗi kamar ciwon nono, canza launin fata ko ƙaruwar nauyi, amma ita hormone "kawata" ta yanayi. Tare da progesterone suna cikin farkon fara aiki.

Hakanan yana son lactation ta hanyar bayar da gudummawa ga ci gaban nono yayin daukar ciki. Koda kuwa yayin lactation, ba estrogens ko progesterone zasu kasance a cikin adadi mai yawa a cikin jikin uwa kamar yadda prolactin zai rufe musu baki. Wannan na iya haifar da wani nau'in '' al'adar '' wucin gadi ga iyaye mata, musamman ma wadanda jinin hailar su ke daukar lokaci mai tsawo kafin su haihu.

Shayar da nono ya zama abin hana daukar ciki ta hana mace yin kwai. An fi so yayin shayarwa a kan buƙata kuma jariri baya ɓata lokaci mai tsawo ba tare da shan nono ba. Koyaya, kuma kodayake an ce yana aiki a matsayin hana ɗaukar ciki, yana da kyau a hana idan ba a son samun ɗa ba da wuri.

Hormones a cikin aiki

Oxytocin

Hormone na kauna. Ya kasance a cikin mafi gamsarwa lokacin rayuwarmu kamar lokacin da muka kamu da soyayya, muke da kyawawan halaye na jima'i da kuma lokacin ciki. Zai ci gaba da kasancewa mai karko saboda taimakon progesterone har zuwa lokacin da fara aiki ya fara. Yayinda aiki yaci gaba, natsuwa takan karu. Yana taimakawa takurawar mahaifa ta zama mai tasiri ga bunkasar mahaifa.

An kai kololuwa mafi girma a daidai lokacin da mace ta ga jariri. Nan da nan zaku ji ƙaunatacciyar ƙaunata ga jaririnku (galibi ƙa'idar gama gari, mafi kyau kada a ambaci al'amuran keɓewa ...). Jikinku zai kasance a shirye don ciyar da yaranku saboda yana taimakawa sakin madara (ɗan farin farko). Yana da mahimmanci a ɗaukaka matakansa a ƙarshen nakuda domin zai samar da “balan-balan” a cikin mahaifa da zarar an haifi jariri. Wannan mai mahimmanci don hana zub da jini da kuma dawo da mahaifa zuwa girmanta.

Lokacin da cikin nakuda kwangilar bata isa ba ta fadadawa, ma'aikatan lafiya ke gudanarwa roba oxytocin. Akwai karatun da ke cewa yawan adadi yana da illa ga jariri kuma ta hanyar inganta karfin kwankwason mahaifa, yana kara danniyar da jariri ke sha yayin haihuwa.

hormones a cikin aiki

Adrenaline

Adrenaline rush yana da kyau yayin hawa abin nadi, amma ba a tsakiyar bayarwa ba. Yana da inrogen na oxytocin. Hormone mai kula da faɗakarwa ya faɗi kowane haɗari. Dabbobi da yawa a yanayi suna shan zub da ciki lokacin da suka ga wani haɗari, shi ya sa yayin da muke ciki dole ne mu nisanta shi da jikinmu. Yana da illa ga jaririn da ke cikin mahaifa.

Kwanaki kafin haihuwa, jaririn zai karɓi adadin adrenaline. Zasu taimake ku wajen jure tsarin haihuwa kuma ku kasance cikin shiri na awanni 24 na farko. Yana da kyau jariri ya zama mai bacci wata rana bayan haihuwa saboda saurin adrenaline da zai fuskanta. Yayin nakuda yana da mahimmanci cewa mace ta kasance a cikin wani yanayi mai nutsuwa tunda karuwa a cikin wannan homon ɗin zai iya hana oxytocin kuma jinkirta ko dakatar da aiki.

Don haka idan dangin uwa mai zuwa suna karanta wannan, ku tuna: sai dai idan ta tambaye ku, ku bar ta ita kaɗai a lokacin kumbura. Yanayi mai annashuwa tare da kiɗa mai laushi, ƙamshi mai daɗi da ƙarancin haske zai haɓaka haɓaka. Kuma kasancewar wannan hujja ce ta kimiyya, abin takaici ne ƙarancin asibitoci da ke da ɗakuna na musamman don nutsuwa da kwanciyar hankali.

Endorphins

Su ke kula da maganin sa barci a cikin haihuwa. Suna fara rarrabuwa a farkon nakuda da karuwa yayin haihuwa na kusantowa. Sauya jin zafi, Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa mata da yawa ke bayyana ciwon nakudarsu a matsayin mai gamsarwa.. Tare da oxytocin, yana da alhakin haifar da soyayya da jariri sau ɗaya idan aka haife shi. Kuma kamar yadda yake tare da oxytocin, yana da mahimmanci a shakata don inganta ƙaruwarsa. Yin amfani da epidural yana dakatar da samar da endorphins, saboda haka dole ne ayi la'akari da amfani da wannan mai sauƙin ciwon.

inna da jariri a karshen nakuda

Hormones a cikin lactation

Prolactin

Aikinta shine samarda madara da zarar haihuwa ya kare. A lokacin daukar ciki wannan kwayar cutar ba ta kasance kamar yadda aikin estrogens da progesterone suka hana shi. Isar da wurin mahaifa yana haifar da karuwar prolactin, kasancewa cikin manyan matakai a cikin watannin farkon rayuwar jariri. Yunwar madara na faruwa ne daban-daban a cikin kowace mace; yawanci yakan tashi kwana 3 bayan haihuwar mahaifa. Akwai shari'ar da ta tashi a ranar farko da kuma wasu shari'o'in da ta ɗauka fiye da kwanaki 4.

Pero daya daga cikin mahimman abubuwan da ke nuna tashin madara shi ne yawan shan nono da jariri. Mafi yawan abin da ke cikin kirji, da karin karin kwayar cutar za a inganta. Ta wannan hanyar madarar zata zo da wuri (ba abin da zai sa jariri kowane 3 na minti 10 a kowane nono). Wurin sabon haihuwa yana kan mama ne; babu gado, kumbuna ko hannayen mutane. Duk abin da kake buqata a cikin maman mamanka; zafi da abinci ana samunsu kyauta.

hormones haihuwa

Wani daga cikin kwayoyin halittar da ke cikin lactation shine oxytocin. Don kaucewa, kamar lokacin haihuwa, adrenaline ne tun da saurin wannan na iya haifar da madarar ta daina fitowa ta kan nono. Wannan ma yana faruwa tare da dabbobi. Lokacin da uwar maraƙi ta fahimci haɗari, madarar takan daina fitowa ta cikin nono don kar ta bar alamun wari yayin faruwar lamarin.

Dutsen dutsen mai fitowar wuta tare da hormones, wannan kasancewarta uwa, dama?


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  1.   Macarena m

    Kyakkyawan matsayi Yasmina, kyauta ce ta gaske don iliminmu. Hormones, kamar yadda ba a sani ba kamar yadda suke da ban sha'awa ... abin da dole ne mu sani. Godiya!