Maronda nguva iyoyo haapore

mukomana akasuwa nekuda kwekushusha

Vanoti nguva iyoyo inoporesa zvese, asi kwete. Izvo hazvina kuita seizvi. Nguva hairape maronda ese, zvakanyanya ... Nguva inogona kukonzera maronda epamoyo kuoneka asina kupora panguva iyoyo. Vana ndivo vanoratidza zvakanyanya nekufamba kwenguva simba remaronda epamoyo, sekushungurudzika kwehucheche kunogona kukonzereswa mumaitiro ane hukasha uye zvakare, mumatambudziko epfungwa mune ramangwana.

Pane hukama hwakananga pakati pekutanga kushushikana kwepfungwa uye hunhu hwehasha muvanhu. Zvino, nekuda kwechikwata chevaongorori kubva kuSwitzerland Federal Polytechnic Chikoro cheLausanne (EPFL) izvi zvinowana simba rakanyanya sezvo ivo vakwanisa kuratidza kuwirirana uku. Kushungurudzika kwepfungwa muvana kunogadzira shanduko dzisingagumi muuropi, shanduko dzinosimudzira hukasha mushure mehupenyu.

Wese munhu anoziva kuti uropi hune purasitiki yakakura, uye vaongorori ava vanofunga kuti nekuda kwaizvozvo, pamwe nekumwe kurapwa kwakashata mhedzisiro yakaipa yekushandurwa kwehuropi kunogona kudzoserwa. Asi pamwe, zvingave zvirinani kana sevanhu tikaziva kukosha kwevana munharaunda medu nekuvachengeta, kuitira kuti vasazotambura izvo zvisingatsungiririki.

Mhirizhonga muvanhu

Chinhu chekutanga chinouya mupfungwa kana munhu aine chisimba muhupenyu hwake hwekukura ndezvekushamisika kuti hunhu hwake hunofanira kunge hwaive hwakaita sei kuti ave munhu ane hutsinye kudaro ... Pfungwa iyoyo inoreva kushungurudzika kwepfungwa kunogona kutambudzwa panguva yehucheche. Vamwe vevanhu ava vanogona zvakare kuve nekuchinja muhuropi, chimwe chinhu chingangodaro chine chekuita nenyaya yekuti zviitiko zvakachinja maitiro avo.

zvinonetsa muvana

Chikwata chevaongorori kubva kuFederal Polytechnic Chikoro cheLausanne (EPFL), inotungamirwa naPurofesa Carmen Sandi, vakwanisa kuratidza kubatana pakati pekushungurudzika kwepfungwa, shanduko yehuropi uye nekudaro zvakare ... Hukama hune izvi zvese nehunhu hwehasha yevanhu.

Makonzo ndiwo akabatsira mukuyedza uku. Rati yepamberi pevechiri kuyaruka ine dambudziko rekushungurudza ichave nehunhu hutsinye mushure mekuita shanduko muhuropi (zvakafanana zvakaonekwa muvanhu vane chisimba). Iwo maronda epfungwa uye epfungwa akatambura muhudiki anosiya anoramba achingove ehupenyu chiratidzo pauropi. Vana vanotambura, pamusoro pekutambura, zvakare vane shanduko dzehuropi dzinochinja hunhu hwavo mune ramangwana, chimwe chinhu chingadai chisingaitike dai vasina kutambura nemarwadzo aya kana kuti vanga vabatwa zvakafanira kuti vasimudzire kusagadzikana kwavo kwepamoyo.

Kune mamirioni evana vari yakanangana nechisimba. Nzira yakajairika yekutsamwisa kunoitika mumba muchimiro chemhirizhonga yemuviri, yepfungwa kana yemudzimba. Mhedzisiro yemhando idzi dzemhirizhonga pavana nevechiri kuyaruka yakaoma, asi chiri pachena ndechekuti inozovashandura vave vanhu vane chisimba uye kunyange vane njodzi.

Kushushikana kwakanyanya kunochinjawo pfungwa dzevana

Kushushikana kwakanyanya kunogona zvakare kukuvadza huropi hwemwana, sekureva kwevaongorori veLucile Packard Vana Chipatara uye Chikoro cheMishonga. Vatsvaguriri vakaona kuti vana vane post-traumatic stress disorder uye mwero wakanyanya wehormone inoshungurudza cortisol vangangowana kuderera kwehukuru hwehippocampus, chimiro chehuropi chakakosha mukugadzirisa ndangariro uye nemanzwiro.

dambudziko rekudya

Kunyangwe mhedzisiro yakafanana yakaonekwa muzvidzidzo zvemhuka, ino inguva yekutanga kuti zvabuda zvadzokororwa muvana. Vatsvakurudzi vakatarisa kuvana vari mumamiriro akaipisisa kuti vanzwisise zvirinani kuti kushushikana kunokanganisa sei kukura kwehuropi. Hazvireve kunetsekana kwekuita basa rechikoro kana hurukuro kumba, asi zvekushungurudzika kwepashure, kwekushungurudzika kwepfungwa. Vana vanonzwa kunge vakanamirwa pakati peconc-de-sac uye rori iri kumhanyisa ichiuya kwavari.

Vana vari muchidzidzo vakatambura nePTSD semhedzisiro yekushungurudzwa mumuviri, zvemanzwiro o zvepabonde, vakaona mhirizhonga kana kusangana nekuparadzana uye kurasikirwa kusingaperi. Rudzi urwu rwekushungurudzika kwekushushikana kazhinji runokanganisa kugona kwemwana kusvika kumagariro, pamoyo, uye pakudzidza matanho. Vana ava vari panjodzi huru yekuva nekushushikana kana kunetseka mukukura.

Vana vakagadzwa nemajini (kana nekuda kwenzvimbo yavanogara) kuti vanyanye kunetseka kupfuura vezera ravo vanogona zvakare kukura PTSD mukupindura kushungurudzika mupfungwa, pamwe nekuti mhinduro dzavo kune zvimwe zviitiko zvehupenyu zvavakangosiiwa nazvo kukwirira kunetseka.

Vatsvaguriri vakadzidza vana gumi nemashanu pakati pemakore manomwe ne15 vakatambura nepashure pekushungurudzika kwepfungwa. Hippocampal vhoriyamu yakayerwa pakutanga uye kupera kwe12-18 mwedzi yekudzidza nguva. Mushure mekugadzirisa zvechikadzi uye kukura kwemuviri, vakaona kuti vana vaive nezviratidzo zvakanyanya zvekushushikana uye vaive neakakwira nguva yekurara yecortisol (imwe mucherechedzo wekushushikana). Ivo vaive nemukana wakanyanya wekudzikiswa mumavhoriyamu avo ehippocampal pakutanga kwechidzidzo kupfuura pakupera kwechidzidzo (zvichienzaniswa nevavanonetsekana zvishoma asi vezera ravo vakarwadziwa zvakaenzana).

kusagadzikana kwepfungwa

Kunyangwe zviyero zvezuva nezuva zvekushushikana zvichikosha kukurudzira hunyanzvi hwekukura kwehuropi, huwandu hwakanyanya hunogona kukuvadza uye zvakare huve nemhedzisiro yakaipa pahunhu hwevanhu mune ramangwana. Kurapa kwakajairika kwePTSD kubatsira murwere kukudziridza rondedzero yezviitiko zvinoshungurudza. Asi kana kushushikana kwechiitiko kuchikanganisa nzvimbo dzehuropi dzinoona kugadzirisa ruzivo uye kuchisanganisa mune iyo nyaya, iyo kurapwa kunogona kunge kusiri kushanda uye dzimwe nzira dzinofanirwa kutariswa. 

Sezvawaona, zvakakosha zvikuru kuti utarise kugara zvakanaka kwevana kuvimbisa mufaro wavo uye kugadzikana kwepamoyo mune ramangwana.

 


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  1. Inotarisira iyo data: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Chinangwa cheiyo data: Kudzora SPAM, manejimendi manejimendi.
  3. Legitimation: Kubvuma kwako
  4. Kutaurirana kwedata
  5. Dhata yekuchengetedza: Dhatabhesi inobatwa neOccentus Networks (EU)
  6. Kodzero: Panguva ipi neipi iwe unogona kudzora, kupora uye kudzima ruzivo rwako