Ukubaluleka kwengcali yokubelekisa ekukhulelweni

Ukubaluleka kwengcali yokubelekisa ekukhulelweni

Ingcali yokubelekisa ekukhulelweni yenye yezona ndawo zibalulekileyo ekulandeleni kwayo ngokuchanekileyo. Ngokwesiqhelo ibizwe ngokuba ingcali yokubelekisa kunye ne-gynecology kwaye umsebenzi wakhe unxulunyaniswa nolawulo lokukhulelwa. Ibeka iliso kwaye inyange iingxaki zempilo ezinokuvela kumama nakumntwana.

Xa umfazi efumanisa ukuba ukhulelwe, ukukhulelwa kwakhe kufuneka kubekwe esweni ngokuyintloko, apho ugqirha wentsapho uya kwaziswa kwaye apho uya kuthumela khona. Umatroni. Ngale ndlela, zonke iimvavanyo kunye ne-ultrasound ziya kwenziwa ngokusesikweni ngokusebenzisa ugqirha wokubelekisa.

Umahluko phakathi kwengcali yokubelekisa kunye nombelekisi ngexesha lokukhulelwa

Umbelekisi kunye nogqirha wokubelekisa Ziingcali ezimbini ezilawula ukulandelwa kwimpilo yowesifazane okhulelweyo. Kufuneka basebenze ngendlela elungelelanisiweyo ukuze bakwazi ukufezekisa ukuba ukukhulelwa kusonjululwe ngesiqinisekiso esipheleleyo, chonga ukuba kukho ukukhulelwa okusemngciphekweni kwaye enze ulandelelwano oluncinci lwasemva kokubeleka kubo bonke abakhulelweyo.

Imatron

Umbelekisi ubeka iliso ekukhulelweni ukususela kusuku lokuqala lokubhalwa kwayo. Iya kunika izikhokelo ezingcono zokutshintsha ukuzalwa, indlela ukuncancisa kufuneka kuqhutywe ngayo kunye nokhathalelo olufunwa lusana olusandul 'ukuzalwa. Ngethuba lokukhulelwa, uya kulawula ubunzima bomama ozayo, ukulinganisa uxinzelelo lwegazi kunye nezinye izinto eziguquguqukayo. iya kuba ngumphathi we cela zonke iimvavanyo zohlalutyo kunye ne-ultrasound yesiqhelo, kwaye ukuba kukho into engalunganga, uya kukuthumela kugqirha wokubelekisa.

Ukubaluleka kwengcali yokubelekisa ekukhulelweni

Ugqirha wokubelekisa wenza ulawulo lwe-ultrasound oluyimfuneko. Yenza uhlolo lwendlela indaleko yayo elawulwa ngayo kwaye ithatha isigqibo sokuba ngaba kufuneka kulandelelwe ngakumbi. Ebudeni bezi ultrasounds, baya kuhlalutya ukuba usana lukhula ngokuqhelekileyo nokuba umama akalungiseleli naziphi na iingxaki, ezifana neanemia okanye usulelo olunokubakho.

  • Ngokuqhelekileyo, ukukhulelwa kukhula ngokuqhelekileyo. Ugqirha wokubelekisa ngubani yenza ukuba uvavanyo olunokwenzeka lokuba ulawulo olungaphezulu luyafuneka okanye ukubeka iliso ngakumbi, ekubeni ngelishwa kukho ukukhulelwa kunye nohlobo oluthile lomngcipheko.
  • Utyelelo lokuqala luya kwenziwa ngokusesikweni malunga neveki ye-12, apho olu vavanyo lwenziwa nazo zonke izinto zalo.
  • I-ultrasound yokuqala kunye nezilandelayo ziya kwenziwa,  ukuba ngowokuqala i-transvaginal. Ulawulo lwenziwe ngamanani okukhulelwa kwangaphambili kwaye xa umhla womgaqo wokugqibela uqinisekisiwe.

Imbali yeklinikhi kunye neemvavanyo

Ugqirha wokubelekisa uya kudala eyakhe imbali yeklinikhi yowesifazane okhulelweyo. Kufuneka ubuze uthotho lwemibuzo enento yokwenza nemvelaphi yomfazi. Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba ngaba kukho ukuqhomfa kwangaphambili, ukuba unalo naluphi na ungenelelo lotyando, nasiphi na isifo, i-allergies okanye imikhwa yokuphila ekufuneka igxininiswe.

Kutyelelo ngalunye, ulawulo loxinzelelo lwegazi, ubunzima kunye nalo lonke ulawulo lokubeleka luya kwenziwa:

  • Uvavanyo lwegazi kwi-trimester yokuqala. Inani leeseli ezibomvu zegazi, iiseli ezimhlophe zegazi kunye neeplatelet ziya kuhlalutywa. Kubalulekile ukwazi ukuba injani iswekile esegazini, ukuba kukho ihepatitis B okanye C, uvavanyo lwe-toxoplasmosis, irubella, i-HIV kunye nenani lamajoni omzimba.
  • I-Ultrasound ye-trimester yokuqala. Le ultrasound yenziwa kwindawo iveki yokukhulelwa ye12 kwaye apho irekhodi yemilinganiselo yabo yenziwe, ukufumanisa ukuba ihambelana nezibalo ezibonakaliswe ngexesha lokukhulelwa. Kuya kuqwalaselwa kwakhona ukuba kukho naluphi na uhlobo lwe-anomaly kunye ne fold nuchal.
  • i-ultrasound ye-intravaginal kubalulekile ukuyenza ekuboniseni kokuqala, kuba ikhonza ukuqinisekisa ukuba ukukhulelwa kuqhutyelwa ngokusesikweni ngaphakathi kwisigxina se-uterine. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukucacisa ukuba akukho ukukhulelwa kwe-ectopic okanye ukukhulelwa kwe-anembryonic.
  • Ukuhlolwa kathathu. Kolu vavanyo, uvavanyo lwegazi luya kwenziwa ukuthelekisa izinto ezintathu eziveliswa yi-placenta kunye ne-embryo: i-estriol yamahhala, i-chorionic gonadotropin kunye ne-alpha-fetoprotein. Olu vavanyo luya kufumanisa ukuba kukho iziphako zechromosomal ezinokwenzeka.

Ndiyabulela i-gynecologist okanye i-obstetrician inokulandelelwa ukuvela kokukhulelwa. Umbelekisi uya kwenza ulandelelo lwakhe apho aya kuthi abhale phantsi zonke iindibano kunye novavanyo iKhadi lokuKhulelwa. Le ncwadana irekhoda phantse lonke ukukhulelwa, ukusuka kubunzima bukamama ukuya kwiimvavanyo ze-ultrasound.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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