Omega-3s na iya hana halayyar Tashin hankali a cikin Yara, Binciken Bincike

 

Omega-3s na iya hana halayyar Tashin hankali a cikin Yara, Binciken Bincike

Na yi mamakin lokacin da na gano wannan sabon binciken ta Adrian ruwan sama, daga Jami'ar Pennsylvania, sanannen masanin kimiyya ne a kan gaba a wani fanni da aka sani da neurocriminology. Amma menene wannan zai yi da shi matsalolin ɗabi'a a cikin yara da kuma omega-3 mai kitse? Idan ka ba ni ,an mintuna, zan faɗa maka, saboda batun ba ya ɓata lokaci.

Adrian Raine ya daɗe yana nazarin hulɗar dake tsakanin ilmin halitta da muhalli idan ya zo ga cin mutunci da aikata laifi. La'akari da cewa akwai kwararan shaidun ilimin lissafin jiki wadanda ke haifar da rudani a sassan kwakwalwa na kwakwalwa na iya bayyana a cikin tashin hankali, yanke shawara cikin gaggawa, da sauran halaye na halayyar da ke tattare da aikata laifi, yawancin binciken Raine Ya hada da kallon tsoma bakin halittar da zai iya kare ka daga waɗannan sakamakon halayyar. Wani sabon binciken da wannan mai binciken da sauran masana kimiyya suka yi a wannan layin, ya nuna cewa omega-3 mai kitse na iya samun tasirin ci gaban jijiyoyin jiki a cikin dogon lokacin da zai iya kyakkyawan rage matsalolin zamantakewar jama'a da halayyar ɗabi'a a cikin yara.

Lokacin da Raine ya kasance dalibi mai digiri, shi da sauran abokan aikinsa sun gudanar da dogon nazari game da yara a ƙaramin tsibirin Mauritius. Masu binciken sun bi ci gaban yaran da suka shiga cikin shirin haɓakawa tun suna ɗan shekara 3 da kuma ci gaban yaran da ba su shiga ba. Wannan shirin haɓakawa ya haɗa da ƙarin ƙarfin haɓaka, motsa jiki, da wadatar abinci mai gina jiki. A cikin shekaru 11, mahalarta sun nuna ingantaccen aiki a cikin kwakwalwa idan aka kwatanta da waɗanda ba mahalarta ba. A shekara 23, sun nuna ragin 34% na halayen laifi.

Raine da abokan aikinsa suna da sha'awar hanyoyin da ke tattare da wannan ci gaban, kamar yadda sauran nazarin ya riga ya ba da shawarar cewa ɓangaren abinci mai gina jiki ya cancanci yin nazari sosai.

"Mun ga cewa yara waɗanda ke da ƙarancin abinci mai gina jiki tun suna ɗan shekara 3 sun fi nuna adawa da nuna ƙarfi a shekara 8, 11 da 17", Raine yace. “Hakan ya sa muka waiwayi aikin shiga tsakani muka ga abin da ya tsaya game da bangaren abinci. Wani ɓangare na haɓaka shine yara sun sami ƙarin cin kifi sau biyu da rabi a mako. "

Sauran binciken da ke gudana a lokaci guda ya fara nuna cewa acid fatty omega-3 suna da mahimmanci don ci gaban kwakwalwa da aiki.

'Omega-3 yana sarrafa kwayoyi masu canzawa, inganta rayuwar neuron kuma yana haɓaka rassan dendritic, amma jikinmu baya samar dashi. Za mu iya samun sa kawai daga mahalli », Raine yace.

Bincike kan cutar neuroanatomy na masu aikata laifuka ya ba da shawarar cewa wannan na iya zama filin da za a sa baki. A cewar wasu masu binciken, hoton kwakwalwa ya nuna cewa karin sinadarin acid na omega-3 yana kara aikin kwalliya ta farko, yankin da Raine ya gano yana da yawan lalacewa ko rashin aiki a cikin masu laifin.

Sabon binciken Raine ya ba da gwajin sarrafawa bazuwar inda yara za su riƙa karɓar abubuwan omega-3 a kai a kai. Yara ɗari, masu shekaru 8 zuwa 16, kowannensu ya sami abin sha tare da gram ɗaya na omega-3s sau ɗaya a rana har tsawon watanni shida, an haɗa su tare da yara 100 waɗanda suka karɓi abin sha iri ɗaya ba tare da ƙarin ba. Yara da iyaye a cikin ƙungiyoyin biyu sun bi cikin jerin ƙididdigar mutumtaka da tambayoyi a farkon binciken.

Bayan watanni shida, masu binciken sun gudanar da gwajin jini cikin sauki don ganin ko yaran da ke rukunin gwajin sunada yawan mai mai omega-3 fiye da wadanda ke cikin sarrafawar. Sun kuma maimaita kimantawar mutum. Watanni shida bayan haka, masu binciken sun sake yin tambayoyin don ganin idan tasirin abubuwan kari sun dade.

Theididdigar iyayen na nufin tambayar iyaye ko 'ya'yansu na son yin "ɓatancin" halin ƙiyayya da halayyar jama'a, kamar shiga faɗa, da kuma dabi'ar "ƙwarewa", kamar baƙin ciki, damuwa ko keɓewa. An kuma nemi yaran su kimanta kansu kan waɗannan halayen.

Yayinda ake kiyaye rahotannin kai tsaye na yara ga duka rukunin biyu, matsakaiciyar bayanin rashin nuna wariyar al'umma da halayyar tashin hankali ya ragu a cikin ƙungiyoyin biyu a cikin watanni shida. Koyaya, waɗannan ƙididdigar sun koma asali ga ƙungiyar kulawa lokacin da aka cire ƙarin kuma aka kimanta watanni shida daga baya.

"Idan aka kwatanta da asalin lokacin watanni sifili"in ji Raine, 'Dukkanin kungiyoyin sun nuna ci gaba a cikin matsalolin waje da na cikin gida bayan watanni shida. Wannan shine tasirin wuribo.

“Abin da yafi ban sha'awa shi ne abin da ya faru a watanni 12. Theungiyar kulawa ta dawo zuwa asali, yayin da ƙungiyar omega-3 ke ci gaba da raguwa. A ƙarshe, mun ga raguwar kashi 42 cikin ɗari a kan halayen waje da 62% raguwa a cikin halayen ciki. '

Game da bayanan shigarwa a cikin watanni 6 da 12, iyayen sun amsa tambayoyin game da halayen halayensu. Abin mamaki, iyayen sun kuma nuna ci gaba a cikin halayensu na rashin mutunci da tashin hankali. Ana iya bayanin wannan saboda iyayen sun ɗauki wasu ƙarin, ko kuma kawai saboda kyakkyawar amsa ga nasu ingantaccen ɗabi'un yaransu.

Masu binciken sun yi gargadin cewa wannan ya kasance aikin share fage ne don gano rawar da abinci mai gina jiki ke takawa a alakar da ke tsakanin ci gaban kwakwalwa da halayyar zamantakewar al'umma. Canje-canjen da aka gani a cikin shekara guda na gwaji na iya wucewa, kuma sakamakon ba zai zama gama gari ba a waje da keɓaɓɓiyar mahallin Mauritian.

Bayan waɗannan kogunan, duk da haka, akwai dalili don ƙarin nazarin rawar omega-3 mai ƙanshi a matsayin hanyar kutsawa cikin gaggawa don halayyar zamantakewar al'umma.

"A matsayina na mai kariya wajen rage matsalolin halayya a cikin yara, abinci mai gina jiki yana da zabi mai kyau, ba shi da tsada, kuma yana da sauki a iya gudanarwa"in ji masu binciken.

An buga binciken a cikin mujallar Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.


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